Thu, 16 June 2016
Hatshepsut (Prologue/Part I).
From 1495 - 1490 BCE, Hatshepsut acts as regent for her step-son, the nominal King of Egypt Thutmose III.
But the Queen Regent has plans, and soon begins to consolidate her power, encouraging the support of officials, priests and nobles to bolster her authority over the Two Lands...
Hatshepsut as a woman, Leiden (Wikipedia).
Hatshepsut as Queen (Hathsepsut - Queen to Pharaoh, below).
The necropolis of el-Kab showing the tombs of Ahmose Pen-Nekhbet, Pahery and Ahmose Ibana (Creativity and Innovation, below).
Ahmose Pen-Nekhbet (Creativity and Innovation, below).
Kara Cooney, The Woman Who Would be King, 2014. Google Books.
Catherine A. Roehrig, Hatshepsut - From Queen to Pharaoh, 2005. Multiple articles. FREE Pdf from Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Betsy M. Bryan et al., Creativity and Innovation in the Reign of Hatshepsut, 2014. Multiple articles. FREE Pdf from the University of Chicago.
Officials, Appointees etc.
- University College London website
- Saint Louis University website
- Maat-ka-re.de website
Wed, 1 June 2016
The Royals: Thutmose I and Hatshepsut.
From 1519 - 1505 BCE, Thutmose I ruled the country with a distinct agenda: he separated the royal from the common, and the sacred from the mundane. At Karnak and in the Valley of the Kings his projects helped reshape the physical expression of kingship.
The architect of these projects, Ineni, gets a look-in. We also say farewell to the last matriarch of the Ahmosid royal family, Ahmose-Nefertari. Finally, a new up-and-comer princess, Hatshepsut, starts her career in the temple of Karnak.
Karnak under Thutmose I, as reconstructed by the Digital Karnak Project.
The Fifth (inner) and Fourth (outer) Pylons at Karnak; commissioned by Thutmose, arranged by Ineni, reconstructed by the Digital Karnak Project.
Statuette of Ahmose-Nefertari, Queen of Egypt, from the Louvre (Wikipedia).
Ahmose-Nefertari as a goddess, from a Ramesside-era Tomb (Wikipedia).
The mummy of Ahmose-Nefertari (University of Chicago).
The tomb of Ineni, exterior (Wikipedia.de).
Agriculture in the tomb of Ineni (stock image).
Hunting scene in the tomb of Ineni (Metropolitan Museum of Art).
Nicolas Grimal, A History of Egypt, 1994.
Kara Cooney, The Woman Who Would Be King, 2014.
Catherine H. Roehrig, editor, Hatshepsut: Queen to Pharaoh, 2005. Free PDF from Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Betsy M. Bryan, "The 18th Dynasty Before the Amarna Period," in Ian Shaw (editor), The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, 2000.
Wed, 18 May 2016
Thutmose I Strikes Back: Genocide, Family, and the Valley of the Kings.
Family, exploration and tomb-building dominated Thutmose's first few years. He took great care for his five children, bringing on a special tutor for the princes, Paheri. This man, grand-son of Ahmose Ibana represented the culmination of three generations of family fortunes.
Thutmose launches a new tomb in a new location, the Valley of the Kings. Although a small tomb, it is the start of a new era in our story, where royal burials begin to cluster in a single magnificent cemetery.
Finally the King launches a new campaign into Nubia. He leaves record of this at Tombos, a record that suggests his activities were less than salubrious - they may even have been genocidal.
The sarcophagus of Thutmose I from his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. Made for him by Hatshepsut (source: wikipedia).
The tomb of Thutmose I in the Valley of the Kings - KV38
Paheri and prince Wadjmose, son of Thutmose I (source: wikipedia).
Family members gathered in the tomb of Paheri (source: osiris.net)
The Nubian lands; Thutmose's army came up to point (5), the area of Kurgus and the Fifth Cataract.
Anthony Spalinger, War in Ancient Egypt, 2006.
Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994.
Ian Shaw (ed.), The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, 2000.
W. Vivian Davies, "The Tomb of Ahmose son-of-Ibana at Elkab: Documenting the Family and Other Observations," 2009. Read online.
- the tomb of Paheri
- the tomb of Ahmose Ibana
Mon, 9 May 2016
The Tomb of King Tut; a Temple of Hatshepsut; a Temple of Nectanebo.
Welcome to a new feature of the podcast, "News from the Field," in which we round up the latest and most exciting news from Egyptology and Archaeology.
This episode, specialists are meeting to discuss the tomb of Tut'ankhamun, and what to do about Dr. Nicholas Reeves' theory that there is a hidden tomb inside. Although everyone is excited at the prospect, they are advising caution: digging rashly into the tomb could be a catastrophe. So we have to be sure first.
Archaeologists working in Aswan have uncovered new relics of Queen Hatshepsut. They have found a barque shrine, where statues of the gods would have been housed and protected. It s an exciting discovery, offering good information on the reign of this fantastic woman.
Finally, a new temple has been discovered at Heliopolis, Cairo. Belonging to Nectanebo I (c.380 BCE), the temple reveals the King as a servant of the sun god Re. He offers himself, and his name, to the Majesty of the great god, invoking his protection thereby.
Tut'ankhamun Conference - Cairo
Nectanebo I - Heliopolis
Tue, 3 May 2016
Dance the Magic Dance!
We take a short break from the narrative, to visit some dancers and entertainers.
The tomb ofananonymousnoble-woman,Thebes.
Calvin and Hobbes, by BillWatterson.
Bull-leapers from Minoan Crete.
Bull-leapers on a Near-Easternring.
Egyptian wrestlers, Beni Hassan.
The feast of Neb-Amun, Thebes.
Neb-Amun at the hunt,fowlinginthemarshes.
Adolf Erman, Life inAncient Egypt, 1894 (1971 edition).
Barbara Mertz, Red LandBlack Land: Daily Life in Ancient Egypt, 1966(2009 edition).
Emily Teeter, Religionand Ritual in Ancient Egypt, 2011.
William KellySimpson(editor), The Literature of Ancient Egypt,2003.
Tue, 26 April 2016
Thutmose I and the Wars of Expansion
Thebes, 1519 BCE. Amunhotep I is dead; Queen Mother Ahhotep is dead. Power has shifted from one branch of the family to another, and a newcomer is on the throne.
Thutmose I secures his legitimacy by marrying a cousin and a sister of Amunhotep, then launches two campaigns of war. In Nubia and in Syria he subjugates, defeats and conquers, before encountering some unexpected new foes.
A stone head, possibly of Thutmose I (Source: Wikipedia)
The Egyptian territories in Nubia. Under Thutmose I they extend to point (3), Dongola.
The extent of the Mitanni power in 1400 BCE (some 120 years after this episode). The conflict between the Mitanni and Thutmose took place somewhere near Aleppo.
Books and Articles
Anthony Spalinger, War in Ancient Egypt, 2005.
Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994.
Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004 and 2010.
James Breasted, A History of Egypt, 1905, 1909 and 1964.
James Breasted, Records of Ancient Egypt, Volume II, 1906.
Sun, 20 March 2016
An update on the state of the podcast and my family, and a review of the news regarding King Tut's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
Direct download: Update_March_2016_-_News_and_King_Tut.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:16pm FJT
Sun, 17 January 2016
The Podcast must go on a forced hiatus. A family member is ill; very seriously ill.
We will be back as soon as we can, hopefully before April.
Life Prosperity Health
Sun, 22 November 2015
Second Intermediate Period (Part V).
War rages up and down the Nile. The Thebans drive towards the Hyksos capital, Avaris, hoping to isolate and conquer it.
King Ahmose I, and his mother Queen Ah-hotep pummel their foes, while raising up their friends. We met two of these: Ahmose Ibana, a commoner, and QueenAhmose-Nefertari, wife of the King and priestess of Amun.
A dagger belonging to King Ahmose I, found in his tomb (Royal Ontario Museum).
A bronze axe, inscribed with the cartouches of Neb-pehty-Re Ahmose I (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford).
A dagger handle, with the names of King Apepy (of Avaris), the Ruler of the Hyksos (National Egyptian Museum, Cairo).
Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, the Priestess of Amun-Re, consort of the King, and daughter of Ah-hotep (Metropolitan Museum, NY).
Trinkets of King Ahmose I, including two small lions and a box in the shape of his cartouche (Musee du Louvre).
Reshafim.org – The Autobiography of Ahmose son of Ibana.
Irene Forstner-Muller, “Avaris, its Harbours and the Peru-nefer Problem,” Egyptian Archaeology 45 (2014). Read for free online at Academia.edu.
W. Vivian Davies, “The Tomb of Ahmose Son-of-Ibana at Elkab, Documenting the Family and Other Observations,” Elkab and Beyond: Studies in Honour of Luc Limme, 2009. Read for free at Academia.edu.
Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2010.
William Kelly Simpson (editor). The Literature of Ancient Egypt, 2006.
Anthony J. Spalinger. War in Ancient Egypt, 2005.
Thu, 5 November 2015
Second Intermediate Period (Part IV).
1560 BCE: King Seqenenre Tao is dead. His body must now be retrieved from the battlefield and given its proper burial, a task which falls to his widow. The formidable Queen Ah-Hotep will keep Thebes together, helping to maintain its unity in the face of catastrophe.
Soon, Seqenenre's son, Kamose must decide: will he take vengeance, or try to salvage peace?
The royal names and titles of Seqenenre on the burial shroud of his son, Ahmose (Egyptian Museum, Turin, Italy; Image: Wikipedia).
One of two Kamose stelae, detailing his campaigns in the North.
Garry J. Shaw. "The Death of King Seqenenre Tao." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt. 2009. Read online at JSTOR.
Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. 2010.
William Kelly Simpson (editor). The Literature of Ancient Egypt.
Anthony J. Spalinger. War in Ancient Egypt. 2005.
Reshafim.org - The Kamose Inscriptions.