Fri, 20 February 2015
A Fable of the Sea.
Sometime during the 12th Dynasty, a folk-tale was composed (or became popular) that carried with it far more philosophical content than might be expected.
We explore the tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor, an anonymous hero of Egyptian exploration whose adventures in the Red Sea see him survive storms, isolation, and an encounter with an immense serpent-god.
The only image I've found of this story, given a visual interpretation. Why does the serpent have arms?! (Source: Petrie's publications, via levigilant.com - a dated translation).
Peter der Manuelian, "Interpreting the Shipwrecked Sailor," in Festschrift für Emmer Brunner-Traut (1992). Free Online Copy.
John Baines, "Interpreting the Story of the Shipwrecked Sailor," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 76 (1990). Online pdf.
Fordham University - The Shipwrecked Sailor, online article.
St. Andrews University - Hieroglyphic text, transliteration and translation.
Tue, 10 February 2015
Senuseret III (Part II): Death and Society
The literary golden age of Dynasty 12 is beginning, and the courtly part of society is adapting itself to conditions under the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III.
The king leads a short war into Nubia, continues to make contributions to the cult of Osiris, and keeps his subjects in line.
Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III: patron of the court, builder of monuments, authoritarian tyrant? (Source: The British Museum).
Travertine vessels, discovered at Haraga, and nearly sold at auction in 2014 (Source: the History Blog).
Cowrie shells worked into pendants, from Haraga (Source: the History Blog).
Silver and precious stone pendants and pectorals - note the Bee (far right, middle row) - one of the few three-dimensional jewellery pieces from ancient Egypt (Source: the History Blog).
Senwosret and Sat-Sobek (Source: Illin-Tomich, 2011).
Meket and Deju (Source: Illin-Tomich, 2011).
Her-mer-nekhet and Iu-seni (Source: Illin-Tomich, 2011).
Dedet and Nefret (Source: Ilin-Tomich, 2011).
Senwosret son of Dedu, and Sat-Hathor (Source: Ilin-Tomich, 2011).
The funerary stela of Heqa-ib, from Abydos (Source: The British Museum).
Part of the funerary stela of Inpy, showing the Wedjat eye at lower-right (Source: UCL).
The funeral stela of Ikher-nefret from Abydos (Wikipedia).
A greywacke statue of Intef-Iqer, from Lahun (Source: UCL).
Janet Richards, Society and Death in Ancient Egypt: Mortuary Landscapes of the Middle Kingdom, 2005 (Google Books Preview).
A. Illin-Tomich, "A Twelfth Dynasty Stela Workshop Possibly from Saqqara," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology volume 97, 2011 (Academia.edu).
Wolfram Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, 2006.
W.K. Simpson (editor), The Literature of Ancient Egypt, 2003.